Rafael Mariano Grossi was appointed Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) by the Board of Governors on 30 October 2019 and took office on 3 December 2019.
Mr Grossi is a diplomat with over 35 years of experience in the field of non-proliferation and disarmament. In 2013, he was appointed Ambassador of Argentina to Austria and Argentine Representative to the IAEA and other Vienna-based International Organizations.
In 2019, Mr Grossi was appointed President designate for the 2020 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), undertaking preparatory work for the Conference until taking office as IAEA Director General. From 2014 to 2016 he served as president of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, being the first president to serve two successive terms. In 2015, he presided over the Diplomatic Conference on the Convention on Nuclear Safety, securing unanimous approval for the Vienna Declaration on Nuclear Safety – a milestone in international efforts in the wake of the 2011 Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear accident.
From 2010 to 2013, he served as Assistant Director General for Policy and Chief of Cabinet at the IAEA. Previously, he held several senior positions in the Argentinian Foreign Service, including as Political Affairs Director General from 2007 to 2009.
Mr Grossi was Chief of Cabinet at the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in The Hague from 2002 to 2007. Prior to this, he held several positions within the Argentinian Foreign Ministry since joining in 1985, including Deputy Chief of Mission in Belgium and Luxemburg from 1998 to 2002, and Argentine Representative to NATO from 1998 to 2001.
Mr Grossi has a Ph.D. in History and International Politics, a master’s degree in International Relations and a degree in Political Sciences.
Since 2017, Mr Grossi has been an International Gender Champion, promoting gender balance in the nuclear field.
Born in 1961, Mr Grossi is married and has eight children.