During the reporting period, the management and accountability system of the United Nations development and resident coordinator system, including the functional firewall of the resident coordinator system, started its implementation. There are indications that the key guidance and operational tools put in place during 2008 are leading to positive results at the country level. Progress has been reported in a number of areas to further deepen the principle of mutual accountability in the delivery of development results. A comprehensive review of the implementation of the management and accountability system will take place in 2010.

In order to support United Nations country teams in ensuring the best quality of United Nations Development Assistant Frameworks to support national development priorities, the United Nations Development Group endorsed a new package of guidance for the frameworks. In several countries, the development process and implementation of the framework has allowed for partnerships with new actors. For example, as part of the framework development process in Swaziland, a United Nations Civil Society Advisory Committee was formed in 2009 to effectively capture civil society inputs in the development of the United Nations Development Assistant Frameworks 2011-2015. The new guidance package offers United Nations country teams greater flexibility, and it allows for closer alignment with national planning processes. It includes a standard operational format for reporting, pursuant to General Assembly resolution 62/208 and Economic and Social Council resolution 2009/1. The “Standard Operational Format and Guidance for Reporting Progress on the United Nations Development Assistant Frameworks” sets the minimum standard for country teams to report on progress and supports stronger mutual accountability between the United Nations and national authorities. The new guidance draws from lessons learned and best practices from programme countries.