Policy coherence among the organizations of the decentralized United Nations system of specialized expertise and operational experience is a key success factor for increasing efficiency and improving development outcomes. Advancing policy coherence and programmatic coordination is a key function of CEB, which is systematically carried out by the High-level Committee on Programmes on behalf of the Board.

Demographic dynamics

With the recent passage of the 7 billion world population milestone, the challenges and opportunities brought about by population dynamics and demographic transformation have received heightened attention. In 2012, CEB enhanced its efforts in supporting Member States to address changing population patterns and their implications for poverty eradication and sustainable development.

Climate change

Climate change continues to be among the key challenges facing the international community. Responding to the relevant provision in the Cancun Agreements (FCCC/CP/2010/7/Add.1, decision 1/CP.16), CEB, under the leadership of the Secretary-General, has been working actively to enhance inter-agency collaboration on climate change. The issue continued to feature high on the agenda of the High-level Committee on Programmes in 2012.

Advancing coherence in thematic clusters

During the reporting period, CEB reviewed progress in the work of the thematic networks UN-Energy, UN-Water and UN-Oceans. In 2012, all three inter-agency bodies prepared substantive contributions to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development and its preparatory process, including by preparing a number of flagship reports and joint thematic publications on key issues related to water, energy and oceans.