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"A people-centred approach"

Article 1 of the UNFCCC states that the adverse effect of climate change will not only be felt in natural and managed ecosystems, but also have "significant deleterious effects" on the "operation of socio-economic systems or on human health and welfare". Although
climate change is widely considered as one of the most significant threats to future human development, it is often analyzed through an exclusively environmental or economic perspective, without adequately considering the extent to which it affects all
aspects of human societies.

The impact of climate change also constitutes an opportunity to leverage positive social transformation with a particular focus on the needs of the most vulnerable within a comprehensive sustainable development framework.

The UN system highlights the key social impacts related to climate change in close collaboration with governments, civil society and the private sector, and in accordance with article 4.1 (f) of the UNFCCC, which calls for assessing social benefits or negative effects together with environmental and economic considerations, before proposing new adaptation or mitigation initiatives.