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The Cancun Agreements, adopted at the 16th Conference of the Parties (COP16) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), entrenched gender equality principles into the UNFCCC outcome documents for the first time. These references spanned multiple and critical areas of the negotiations.

Their common fundamental message is illustrated by the shared vision for long‐term cooperative action, which recognizes “that gender equality and the effective participation of women and indigenous peoples are important for effective action on all aspects of climate change”.

This paradigm shift is a result of collaborative efforts by UN agencies and other multilateral organizations, Governments, civil society and the private sector. New knowledge and awareness has been brought to the fore within the UNFCCC dialogue to ensure that climate change decision‐making and initiatives at all levels are gender‐responsive.

Moving forward, it is imperative to ensure that gender equality principles are integrated into the implementation of the Cancun Agreements, including in the areas of adaptation, finance and technology transfer.