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Energy is at the forefront of the global agenda. It is central to the issues of climate change, economic and social development, global security, environmental protection and achieving the MDGs. The UN system has responded to the challenges and opportunities in the energy system with numerous programmes and projects.

To ensure a focused system-wide approach, CEB created UN-Energy was created in 2004 as an interagency mechanism for coordination on energy issues. In addition, the multistakeholder Advisory Group on Energy and Climate Change (AGECC), established by the UN Secretary-General in June 2009 to provide recommendations on energy issues in the context of climate change in sustainable development, has called on the UN system and its Member States to commit themselves to two complementary goals: ensuring universal access to modern energy services by 2030; and reducing global energy intensity by 40 per cent by 2030.