Category

Specialized Agencies

HQ location

Geneva

Date established

1950

Resolution

GA Resolution 531(VI)

Joined CEB

20 December 1951
Secretary-General

Footnotes

The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is the successor to the International Meteorological Organization, which was established in 1873. It formally came into existence in 1950 and became a UN specialised agency in 1951.

Article 2 of the WMO Convention, which was signed in Washington in 1947 and came into force on 23 March 1950, defined the Organization's purposes as being to:

  • Facilitate worldwide cooperation in the establishment of networks of stations for making meteorological observations, as well as hydrological and other geophysical observations related to meteorology, and to promote the establishment and maintenance of centres charged with the provision of meteorological and related services
  • Promote the establishment and maintenance of systems for rapid exchange of meteorological and related information
  • Promote standardisation of meteorological and related observations, and ensure the uniform publication of observations and statistics
  • Further the application of meteorology to aviation, shipping, water problems, agriculture and other human activities
  • Promote activities in operational hydrology and further close cooperation between meteorological and hydrological services
  • Encourage research and training in meteorology and, as appropriate, in related fields, and assist in coordinating the international aspects of such research and training.
  • World Meteorological Congress
  • Executive Council
  • Six regional associations (Africa; Asia; South America; North America, Central America and the Caribbean; South-West Pacific; and Europe)
  • Eight technical commissions (atmospheric sciences, aeronautical meteorology, agricultural meteorology, basic systems, hydrology, instruments and methods of observation, oceanography and marine meteorology, and climatology)
  • Secretariat

The 37 Executive Council members are the Organization's President and three Vice-Presidents, the six Presidents of the regional associations who are ex officio members, and 27 Directors of members' national meteorological or hydro-meteorological services. Elections to the Council are held at the World Meteorological Congress, except those for presidents of regional associations, who are elected by their respective associations. Apart from regional association presidents, the members of the Council serve from the end of one Congress to the end of the next. When a vacancy occurs among the 27 elected members between Congress sessions, an acting member is designated by the Executive Council. Current membership is:

President
D Grimes, Canada

First Vice-President
A D Moura, Brazil

Second Vice-President
M S Ostojski, Poland

Third Vice-President
A Mokssit, Morocco

Presidents of regional associations
Region I, Africa: M L Bah, Guinea
Region II, Asia: V E Chub, Uzbekistan
Region III, South America: M Araneda Funtes, Chile
Region IV, North America, Central America and the Caribbean: A W Rolle, Bahamas
Region V, South-West Pacific: S W B Harijono, Indonesia
Region VI, Europe: I Cacic, Croatia

Membership of the WMO comprises 183 Member States and six territories. Members of the Executive Council are elected in an individual capacity. The following is a list of members and their terms of office on the Executive Council.

Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas
Bahrain
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil
British Caribbean Territories
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Canada
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands
Costa Rica
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao and St Maarten
Cyprus
Czech Republic
DPRK
DR Congo
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
El Salvador
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Fiji
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Germany
Ghana
Greece
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti
Honduras
Hong Kong, China
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Jamaica
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kiribati
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho
Liberia
Libyan AJ
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau, China
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives
Mali
Malta
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico
Micronesia
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Niue
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Panama
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay
Peru
Philippines
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
ROK
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian AR
Tajikistan
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Uganda
Ukraine
UAE
UK
UR of Tanzania
USA
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

The World Meteorological Congress, the supreme body of the Organization, meets once every four years. The 16th Congress was held from 16 May to 3 June 2011.

7 bis Avenue de la Paix
Case Postale 2300
1211 Geneva 2
Switzerland
Telephone: (+41 22) 730 8111
Fax: (+41 22) 730 8181
Email: wmo@wmo.int

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