UNCTAD promotes the integration of developing countries into the world economy. Its work aims to help shape policy debates and thinking on development, with a particular focus on ensuring that domestic policies and international action are mutually supportive in bringing about sustainable development.
Functions as a forum for inter-governmental deliberations, supported by discussions with experts and exchanges of experience, aimed at consensus building
Undertakes research, policy analysis and data collection for informing government representative and expert discussions
Provides technical assistance to developing countries, with special attention to the needs of the least developed countries and of economies in transition. When appropriate, UNCTAD cooperates with other organisations and donor countries in the delivery of technical assistance.
The first UNCTAD session took place in Geneva in 1964 in accordance with ECOSOC res. 917 (XXXIV) (1962). GA res. 1995 (XIX) (1964) established UNCTAD as a UN organ and set its mandate.
The highest UNCTAD decision-making body is the quadrennial conference, at which Member States make assessments of current trade and development issues, discuss policy options and formulate global policy responses. The conference also sets the organisation's mandate and work priorities.
It adopted the Accra Accord (UNCTAD/IAOS/2008/2) at its session in Accra, Ghana, in April 2008 (UNCTAD XII). The Accord reaffirms the Consensus (TD/410) adopted in Sao Paulo, Brazil, in June 2004, and continues to be a blueprint for UNCTAD's work. The Accra theme was "Addressing the opportunities and challenges of globalization for development".
Between sessions of the Conference, the Trade and Development Board (TDB) functions as UNCTAD's executive body to take action in implementing Conference decisions and to ensure the overall consistency of UNCTAD's activities with agreed priorities.
The 193 members are listed below.
Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Costa Rica COte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic DPRK DR Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao PDR Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan AJ Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar ROK Republic of Moldova Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian AR Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turlanenistan Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine UAE UK UR of Tanzania USA Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Trade and Development Board (TDB)
Purpose Between sessions of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the Trade and Development Board (TDB) functions under GA res. 1995 (XIX) (1964) as UNCTAD's executive body to take action in implementing Conference decisions and to ensure the overall consistency of UNCTAD's activities with agreed priorities. The TDB reports to the Conference and the General Assembly.
Structure At the UNCTAD XII Conference in April 2008, it was agreed the TDB would have two subsidiary commissions that perform integrated policy work within specific terms of reference:
Investment, Enterprise and Development Commission
Trade and Development Commission.
Meetings The TDB's regular session, which is held for 10 days in September, examines interdependence and global economic issues. It also examines international trade and investment issues from a trade and development perspective, and other issues relevant to UNCTAD's work. The 58th session was held from 12 to 23 September 2011 in Geneva.
The TDB can also meet in executive sessions up to three times a year to deal with urgent policy, management and institutional matters arising between its regular annual sessions and for substantive discussions and analysis of new challenges faced by developing countries, including discussions on recent developments and issues of urgent or prominent interest. Such sessions are normally confined to one-day's duration but may last up to three days.
The Board may also decide to convene special TDB sessions. In recent years, such sessions have been used for mid-term reviews.
Membership TDB membership is open to all UNCTAD Member States. There are 155 TDB members
UNCTAD XIII will be held in Doha, Qatar, in April 2012.
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